The port of Rotterdam is by far the largest and most important port in Europe. However, after decades of growth, the existing port area had reached its spatial limits. If Rotterdam were to continue fulfilling its meaningful role in Europe, it would need to expand. So this is exactly what happened, with Maasvlakte 2 now representing the expanded port of Rotterdam. A new European location for port activities and industry was created directly west of the existing port and industrial area on the North Sea.